Jean Monnet Center at NYU School of Law

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II. La solution avancée : l'autorité du précédent

1. La justification fonctionnelle de l'autorité du précédent

2. L'utilité du mécanisme du précédent

3. L'autorité des arrêts de la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme par analogie à l'autorité des arrêts de la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes

4. Les modalités de l'autorité du précédent

Despite all the analysis on the succes of european integration by means of judicial supranational activism, it has never been adequately explained how the European Court of Human Rights (Strasbourg) follows in the steps of the European Court of Justice in the absence of a preliminary reference procedure. This essay is an attempt to present the mechanism for the reception of the European Court of Human Rights judgements by the national courts. The authority of the European Court of Human Rights judgements is the key to the effective application by the national judiciary of the European Convention on Human Rights as it is interpreted and developed by the Strasbourg Court.

This paper is an adapted version of a chapter for a Ph. D. thesis to be presented at the University of Panthéon-Assas (Paris II) under the supervision of Professor Serge Guinchard. Research was conducted as part of the Harvard Law School Researcher Program (1997-98) under the guidance of Professor Joseph H. Weiler. The usual disclaimer applies.

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